Removing a Chairman: Who Has the Authority?

The removal of a chairman from the board of directors is a significant event in the life of a corporation, reflecting a critical juncture in its governance and leadership. Such a decision, while not taken lightly, may be necessitated by various factors, including performance issues, ethical concerns, or a misalignment with the company’s strategic direction. Understanding the mechanisms, entities involved, and the implications of this process is essential for stakeholders across the board.

Key Takeaways:

  • Corporate Bylaws and Shareholder Agreements outline the legal basis for removing a chairman.
  • The Board of Directors and Shareholders can initiate a chairman’s removal through a formal vote.
  • Regulatory Bodies may demand a chairman’s removal for legal or regulatory violations.
  • The removal process involves identifying a cause, conducting a vote, and adhering to governance documents.
  • Challenges include managing stakeholder expectations and ensuring business continuity during the transition.

Legal Framework and Governance Policies

Corporate Bylaws

The foundation for removing the Chairman of the board often lies within the company’s corporate bylaws. These documents typically outline the procedures for appointment and removal of board members, including the chairman. Bylaws provide a clear legal basis for the removal process, ensuring it adheres to the established governance framework of the organisation.

Shareholder Agreements

In addition to bylaws, shareholder agreements may also play a role in the removal of a chairman. These agreements can include provisions that grant shareholders the power to nominate and remove board members under specific conditions, offering another layer of governance in the removal process.

Entities Authorised to Remove a Chairman

Board of Directors

The board of directors itself is commonly empowered to remove its chairman. This usually requires a majority vote or a supermajority, depending on the company’s bylaws. The board’s ability to remove its leader is a testament to the principles of accountability and collective governance.

Related reading: Which is higher CEO or chairman?


7% of privately held companies say that their relationship with the Chair is key. Shareholders can also initiate the removal of a chairman, especially in cases where they believe the chairman’s continuation in office adversely affects the company’s interests. This process typically occurs during an annual general meeting or a special meeting convened for this purpose, requiring a majority vote from the shareholders.

Regulatory Bodies

In certain jurisdictions, regulatory bodies may have the authority to demand the removal of a chairman, particularly in cases of legal or regulatory violations. This is often seen in highly regulated industries like banking and finance, where adherence to legal standards is strictly monitored.

Process for Removing a Chairman

Initiating the Removal Process

The process usually begins with the identification of a cause or a need for removal. This could stem from a variety of reasons, including breach of fiduciary duties, failure to meet performance goals, or personal misconduct.

Voting Procedures and Requirements

Following the initiation, a formal vote is conducted either by the board or the shareholders. The specific voting requirements and procedures should be outlined in the company’s bylaws or shareholder agreements, ensuring transparency and fairness in the process.

Legal and Ethical Considerations

Removing a chairman involves navigating complex legal and ethical landscapes. It’s crucial that the process is conducted in a manner that respects the rights of the individual and adheres to corporate governance principles, safeguarding the company’s reputation and stakeholder interests.

Challenges and Considerations in Removal

Managing Stakeholder Expectations

The removal of a chairman can have significant repercussions on stakeholder perceptions and the company’s market position. Effective communication and management of expectations are vital to maintaining trust and stability during this transition.

Ensuring Business Continuity

A key consideration is ensuring that the removal does not disrupt the company’s operations. Planning for succession and interim leadership is crucial to maintaining business continuity and safeguarding the company’s strategic interests.


The removal of a chairman is a complex process influenced by legal frameworks, governance policies, and the concerted actions of the board and shareholders. While challenging, it is sometimes necessary to realign the company with its strategic goals and governance standards. Navigating this process with diligence, fairness, and respect for all parties involved is crucial to ensuring the long-term success and stability of the organisation. If you are looking to appoint a Chairman or part-time Director, get in touch via the contact form to see how Boardroom Advisors can help you.


Can a chairman be removed without cause?

The ability to remove a chairman without cause depends on the company’s bylaws and shareholder agreements. Some organisations require a specific reason for removal, while others may allow for removal without cause, provided the proper procedures are followed and the requisite majority vote is achieved.

Who has the authority to call for a vote to remove a chairman?

Typically, the authority to call for a vote on the removal of a chairman lies with the board of directors or the shareholders. The specific provisions in the company’s bylaws or shareholder agreements will dictate the process for initiating such a vote.

What happens if a chairman is removed?

Upon removal, the chairman vacates their position on the board, and the board will often appoint an interim chairman or proceed to elect a new chairman. The process for selecting a successor should be outlined in the company’s governance policies.

How can shareholders influence the removal of a chairman?

Shareholders can influence the removal of a chairman by voting at general meetings or by proxy. In some cases, a significant percentage of shareholders may also have the right to call a special meeting specifically to address the removal of the chairman.

Written by: John Courtney

John is highly ranked in the Top 100 UK Entrepreneurs list by City AM and is winner of the Lifetime Achievement Award from techSPARK. He has been a Board Director himself for over 40 years and first started placing Non-Executive Directors over 25 years ago. John founded and ran seven of his own businesses including a Management Consultancy for 10 years, a Corporate Finance offering for 10 years and a mid-sized Digital Agency for another 10 years.